cape gooseberry

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new_2_veg

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cape gooseberry
« on: June 12, 2008, 20:45 »
good evening,

does anyone know anything about cape gooseberrys?

ive been given some seeds but the chap didnt know anything about them!

are they a one year thing or do they come back year after year?

thanks

nathan
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kezlou

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #1 on: June 12, 2008, 20:48 »
hi there nathan,

goseberries are supposed to come back year after year, well my dads did anyway.Sorry about that maybe an expert will be along shortly to help you :)
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new_2_veg

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #2 on: June 12, 2008, 20:53 »
hi,

i have normal ones but the cape ones are ment to grow with a shell or something???

ive tryed doing a google but my net is playing up tonight and wont let me search :cry:


nathan

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Lardman

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #3 on: June 12, 2008, 20:54 »
This is all thats on the back of my packet ...

"Can be grown outdoor in mild areas. In colder areas grow in cool greenhouse. Sow in March in slight heat. Pot on into 3.5 Inch pots when large enough to handle. Plant in final position allowing plenty of room. Pick when golden brown. Store fruit in husks."

And a quick google produced this.

http://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/cape-gooseberry.html

My first year growing them so I can't speak from experience though.
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kezlou

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« Reply #4 on: June 12, 2008, 21:02 »
http://www.mr-fothergills.co.uk/catalogue/product/384/

The genus Physalis, of the family Solanaceae, includes annual and perennial herbs bearing globular fruits, each enclosed in a bladderlike husk which becomes papery on maturity. Of the more than 70 species, only a very few are of economic value. One is the strawberry tomato, husk tomato or ground cherry, P. Pruinosa L., grown for its small yellow fruits used for sauce, pies and preserves in mild-temperate climates. Though more popular with former generations than at present, it is still offered by seedsmen. Various species of Physalis have been subject to much confusion in literature and in the trade. A species which bears a superior fruit and has become widely known is the cape gooseberry, P. Peruviana L. (P. edulis Sims). It has many colloquial names in Latin America: capuli, aguaymanto, tomate sylvestre, or uchuba, in Peru; capuli or motojobobo embolsado in Bolivia; uvilla in Ecuador; uvilla, uchuva, vejigón or guchavo in Colombia; topotopo, or chuchuva in Venezuela; capuli, amor en bolsa, or bolsa de amor, in Chile; cereza del Peru in Mexico. It is called cape gooseberry, golden berry, pompelmoes or apelliefie in South Africa; alkekengi or coqueret in Gabon; lobolobohan in the Philippines; teparee, tiparee, makowi, etc., in India; cape gooseberry or poha in Hawaii.

The golden cape gooseberry
Fig. 114: The golden cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) keeps well and makes excellent preserves. The canned fruits have been exported from South Africa and the jam from England.

Description

This herbaceous or soft-wooded, perennial plant usually reaches 2 to 3 ft (1.6-0.9 m) in height but occasionally may attain 6 ft (1.8) m. It has ribbed, often purplish, spreading branches, and nearly opposite, velvety, heart-shaped, pointed, randomly-toothed leaves 2 3/8 to 6 in (6-15 cm) long and 1 1/2 to 4 in (4-10 cm) wide, and, in the leaf axils, bell-shaped, nodding flowers to 3/4 in (2 cm) wide, yellow with 5 dark purple-brown spots in the throat, and cupped by a purplish-green, hairy, 5-pointed calyx. After the flower falls, the calyx expands, ultimately forming a straw-colored husk much larger than the fruit it encloses. The berry is globose, 1/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) wide, with smooth, glossy, orange-yellow skin and juicy pulp containing numerous very small yellowish seeds. When fully ripe, the fruit is sweet but with a pleasing grape-like tang. The husk is bitter and inedible.

Origin and Distribution

Reportedly native to Peru and Chile, where the fruits are casually eaten and occasionally sold in markets but the plant is still not an important crop, it has been widely introduced into cultivation in other tropical, subtropical and even temperate areas. It is said to succeed wherever tomatoes can be grown. The plant was grown by early settlers at the Cape of Good Hope before 1807. In South Africa it is commercially cultivated and common as an escape and the jam and canned whole fruits are staple commodities, often exported. It is cultivated and naturalized on a small scale in Gabon and other parts of Central Africa.

Cape Gooseberry
Fig. 115: The cape gooseberry is a useful small fruit crop for the home garden; is labor-intensive in commercial plantings.

Soon after its adoption in the Cape of Good Hope it was carried to Australia and there acquired its common English name. It was one of the few fresh fruits of the early settlers in New South Wales. There it has long been grown on a large scale and is abundantly naturalized, as it is also in Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Tasmania. It was welcomed in New Zealand where it is said that "the housewife is sometimes embarrassed by the quantity of berries [cape gooseberries] in the garden," and government agencies actively promote increased culinary use.

In China, India and Malaya, the cape gooseberry is commonly grown but on a lesser scale. In India, it is often interplanted with vegetables. It is naturalized on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Seeds were taken to Hawaii before 1825 and the plant is naturalized on all the islands at medium and somewhat higher elevations. It was at one time extensively cultivated in Hawaii. By 1966, commercial culture had nearly disappeared and processors had to buy the fruit from backyard growers at high prices. It is widespread as an exotic weed in the South Sea Islands but not seriously cultivated. The first seeds were planted in Israel in 1933. The plants grew and bore very well in cultivation and soon spread as escapes, but the fruit did not appeal to consumers, either fresh or preserved, and promotional efforts ceased.

In England, the cape gooseberry was first reported in 1774. Since that time, it has been grown there in a small way in home gardens, and after World War II was canned commercially to a limited extent. Despite this background, early in 1952, the Stanford Nursery, of Sussex, announced the "Cape Gooseberry, the wonderful new fruit, especially developed in Britain by Richard I. Cahn." Concurrently, jars of cape goosebery jam from England appeared in South Florida markets and the product was found to be attractive and delicious. It is surprising that this useful little fruit has received so little attention in the United States in view of its having been reported on with enthusiasm by the late Dr. David Fairchild in his well-loved book, The World Was My Garden. He there tells of its fruiting "enormously" in the garden of his home, "In The Woods", in Maryland, and of the cook's putting up over a hundred jars of what he called "Inca Conserve" which "met with universal favor." It is also remarkable that it is so little known in the Caribbean islands, though naturalized plants were growing profusely along roadsides in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica before 1913.

With a view to encouraging cape gooseberry culture in Florida, the Bahamas, and the West Indies, seeds have been repeatedly purchased from the Stanford Nursery and distributed for trial. Good crops have been obtained. Nevertheless there was no incentive to make further plantings.

Pollination

In England, growers shake the flowers gently in summer to improve distribution of the pollen, or they will give the plants a very light spraying with water.

Climate

The cape gooseberry is an annual in temperate regions and a perennial in the tropics. In Venezuela, it grows wild in the Andes and the coastal range between 2,500 and 10,000 ft (800-3,000 m). It grows wild in Hawaii at 1,000 to 8,000 ft (300-2,400 m). In northern India, it is not possible to cultivate it above 4,000 ft (1,200 m), but in South India it thrives up to 6,000 ft (1,800 m).

In England, the plants have been undamaged by 3 degrees of frost. In South Africa, plants have been killed to the ground and failed to recover after a temperature drop to 30.5º F (-0.75º C).

The plant needs full sun but protection from strong winds; plenty of rain throughout its growing season, very little when the fruits are maturing.

Soil

The cape gooseberry will grow in any well-drained soil but does best on sandy to gravelly loam. On highly fertile alluvial soil, there is much vegetative growth and the fruits fail to color properly. Very good crops are obtained on rather poor sandy ground. Where drainage is a problem, the plantings should be on gentle slopes or the rows should be mounded. The plants become dormant in drought.

Propagation

The plant is widely grown from seed. There are 5,000 to 8,000 seeds to the ounce (28 g) and, since germination rate is low, this amount is needed to raise enough plants for an acre–2 1/2 oz (70 g) for a hectare. In India, the seeds are mixed with wood ash or pulverized soil for uniform sowing.

Sometimes propagation is done by means of 1-year-old stem cuttings treated with hormones to promote rooting, and 37.7% success has been achieved. The plants thus grown flower early and yield well but are less vigorous than seedlings. Air-layering is also successful but not often practiced.

Culture

It is necessary to determine the time of planting for each area. In India, seeds are broadcast from March through May. In Hong Kong, planting in seedbeds is done in September/October and again in March/April. In the Bahamas the first seeds planted in late summer of 1952 produced healthy plants and a continuous crop of fruits for 3 months during the following winter. Additional seeds procured from England were planted in April of 1953. The plants started to blossom in mid-July and from September on continued to flower and set fruit, although no fruits remained on the plants to maturity until the cooler months of winter when a good yield was obtained. Seeds were again planted the following November. Thirteen weeks later, the first fruits were ripening, and by mid-May of the following year a heavy crop was harvested. In late June, the plants were still growing and flowering profusely but only a few fruits were being set and these failed to develop to maturity. This condition continued into September, by which time some of the more robust plants had reached 6 ft (1.8 in) in height with much lateral growth.

In Jamaica, the initial planting of cape gooseberries in late January of 1954 made slow growth until June when development accelerated. By mid-August the plants had reached 15 in (37.5 cm) in height with much lateral growth, and were flowering and setting fruit. It would appear that the heat of summer is unfavorable for fruit development and, therefore, the best time to plant the cape gooseberry is in the fall so that fruit can be set during the cooler weather and harvested in late spring or early summer. In California, the plants do not fruit heavily until the second year unless started early in greenhouses.

Some growers have kept plants in production for as long as 4 years by cutting back after each harvest, but these plants have been found more susceptible to pests and diseases.

In India, plants 6 to 8 in (15-20 cm) high are set out 18 in (45 cm) apart in rows 3 ft (0.9 m) apart. Farmers in South Africa space the plants 2 to 3 ft (0.6-0.9 m) apart in rows 4 to 6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) or even 8 ft (2.4 m) apart in very rich soil. They apply 200 to 400 lbs (90-180 kg) of complete fertilizer per acre (approx. = kg/ha) on sandy loam. Foliar spraying of 1% potassium chloride solution before and just after blooming enhances fruit quality.

In dry seasons, irrigation is necessary to keep the cape gooseberry plant in production.

Season

In parts of India, the fruits ripen in February, but, in the South, the main crop extends from January to May. In Central and southern Africa, the crop extends from the beginning of April to the end of June. In England, plants from seeds sown in spring begin to fruit in August and continue until there is a strong frost.

Harvesting and Yield

In rainy or dewy weather, the fruit is not picked until the plants are dry. Berries that are already wet need to be lightly dried in the sun. The fruits are usually picked from the plants by hand every 2 to 3 weeks, although some growers prefer to shake the plants and gather the fallen fruits from the ground in order to obtain those of more uniform maturity. At the peak of the season, a worker can pick 2 1/2 bushels (90 liters) a day, but at the beginning and end of the season, when the crop is light, only 1/2 bushel (18 liters).

A single plant may yield 300 fruits. Seedlings set 1,800 to 2,150 to the acre (228-900/ha) yield approximately 3,000 lbs of fruit per acre (approx. = kg/ha). The fruits are usually dehusked before delivery to markets or processors. Manual workers can produce only 10 to 12 lbs. (4.5-5.5 kg) of husked fruits per hour. Therefore, a mechanical husker, 4 to 5 times more efficient, has been designed at the University of Hawaii.

Keeping Quality

Cape gooseberries are long-lasting. The fresh fruits can be stored in a scaled container and kept in a dry atmosphere for several months. They will still be in good condition. If the fresh fruits are to be shipped, it is best to leave the husk on for protection.

Pests and Diseases

In South Africa, the most important of the many insect pests that attack the cape gooseberry are cutworms, in seedbeds; red spider after plants have been established in the field; the potato tuber moth if the cape gooseberry is in the vicinity of potato fields. Hares damage young plants and birds (francolins) devour the fruits if not repelled. In India, mites may cause defoliation. In Jamaica, the leaves were suddenly riddled by what were apparently flea beetles of the family Chrysomelidae. In the Bahamas, whitefly attacks on the very young plants and flea beetles on the flowering plants required control.

In South Africa, the most troublesome diseases are powdery mildew and soft brown scale. The plants are prone to root rots and viruses if on poorly-drained soil or if carried over to a second year. Therefore, farmers favor biennial plantings. Bacterial leaf spot (Xanthomonas spp.) occurs in Queensland. A strain of tobacco mosaic may affect plants in India.

Food Uses

In addition to being canned whole and preserved as jam, the cape gooseberry is made into sauce, used in pies, puddings, chutneys and ice cream, and eaten fresh in fruit salads and fruit cocktails. In Colombia, the fruits are stewed with honey and eaten as dessert. The British use the husk as a handle for dipping the fruit in icing.

Food Value Per 100 g of Edible Portion*

Moisture    78.9 g
Protein    0.054 g
Fat    0.16 g
Fiber    4.9 g
Ash    1.01 g
Calcium    8.0 mg
Phosphorus    55.3 mg
Iron    1.23 mg
Carotene    1.613 mg
Thiamine    0.101 mg
Riboflavin    0.032 mg
Niacin    1.73 mg
Ascorbic Acid    43.0 mg

*According to analyses of husked fruits made in Ecuador.

The ripe fruits are considered a good source of Vitamin P and are rich in pectin.

Toxicity

Unripe fruits are poisonous. The plant is believed to have caused illness and death in cattle in Australia.

Other Uses

Fruits: In the 18th Century, the fruits were perfumed and worn for adornment by native women in Peru.

Medicinal Uses: In Colombia, the leaf decoction is taken as a diuretic and antiasthmatic. In South Africa, the heated leaves are applied as poultices on inflammations and the Zulus administer the leaf infusion as an enema to relieve abdominal ailments in children.

Indian chemists have isolated from the leaves a minor steroidal constituent, physalolactone C.

Last updated: 3/29/99 by ch

http://newcrop.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/cape_gooseberry.html

Hope this is useful

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sclarke624

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #5 on: June 13, 2008, 01:07 »
This is my second year of growing cape gooseberries.  Last years have grown again and are in flower with some fruits forming.  I also planted some new buses and these are in bud ready to flower.  They look like tomatillos which apparently are relatives.

Mine all said sow Feb to April but last year I did do some later at end of June still got quite a lot of fruit off plant but what was left in late September didn't ripen to yellow they stayed green, as no sun was around.  Sure I read somewhere they are poisonus to eat green.

They are expensive to buy in tesco's. They grow in a papery lantern shape husk/case.  OH loves 'em, I'm not too keen.  Mine have never got any bigger than 2 and half foot even though some packets and articles say can reach 6ft.  I put them in a tomato size pot which is probably about 10" or 12".  Packet also says support with netting never had to do that either.  The only annoying thing is that I have read they are ready when they fall from the plant ...........I have mine raise so dog can't wee on them so not ideal if I have to wait till they are on the floor.  I did have a peek at some when on the bush lifted a bit of the lantern to see if yellow, or a little tug to see if comes away from plant easily.  Each seed I planted germinated so ended up with 12 plants....... oh well made the old man popular with his work mates when he had to take some in to work!
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crowndale

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #6 on: June 13, 2008, 08:55 »
My plants are tiny but are begining to produce flowers so am hopeful of some fruit at least but can't imagine the amounts suggested by the above article!  Its my first year growing them too, maybe I'll try from seed next year and see if they are any better, these ones were plug plants.
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gobs

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #7 on: June 13, 2008, 09:32 »
Quote from: "sclarke624"
 I also planted some new buses



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sclarke624

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #8 on: June 13, 2008, 22:08 »
Quote
A whole new dimension to bio-fuels.



 :shock: PSML :lol:  :lol:

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weeeed

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #9 on: June 14, 2008, 15:48 »
Well I've grown mine from seed and they look very healthy, however they haven't got flowers or anything yet and they aren;t really very big either. :o  :roll:
I know less today than I did yesterday, and I knew nothing then!

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sclarke624

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #10 on: June 15, 2008, 19:38 »
Quote
they haven't got flowers or anything yet and they aren;t really very big either


Don't worry my new ones I sowed this year aren't as big as last years yet.  The flowering big ones are on their second year, and I am much more south than you.

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GreenOwl

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Re: cape gooseberry
« Reply #11 on: June 16, 2008, 16:32 »
Quote from: "new_2_veg"

are they a one year thing or do they come back year after year?


They're not hardy so it depends where you are.  They need a long growing season so should really be sown in Feb.  

Quote from: "sclarke624"
The only annoying thing is that I have read they are ready when they fall from the plant ...........


You can pick them to ripen on the windowsill.

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londongardener

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #12 on: June 17, 2008, 16:20 »
Quote from: "sclarke624"
This is my second year of growing cape gooseberries.  Last years have grown again and are in flower with some fruits forming.  I also planted some new buses and these are in bud ready to flower.  They look like tomatillos which apparently are relatives.

Mine all said sow Feb to April but last year I did do some later at end of June still got quite a lot of fruit off plant but what was left in late September didn't ripen to yellow they stayed green, as no sun was around.  Sure I read somewhere they are poisonus to eat green.

They are expensive to buy in tesco's. They grow in a papery lantern shape husk/case.  OH loves 'em, I'm not too keen.  Mine have never got any bigger than 2 and half foot even though some packets and articles say can reach 6ft.  I put them in a tomato size pot which is probably about 10" or 12".  Packet also says support with netting never had to do that either.  The only annoying thing is that I have read they are ready when they fall from the plant ...........I have mine raise so dog can't wee on them so not ideal if I have to wait till they are on the floor.  I did have a peek at some when on the bush lifted a bit of the lantern to see if yellow, or a little tug to see if comes away from plant easily.  Each seed I planted germinated so ended up with 12 plants....... oh well made the old man popular with his work mates when he had to take some in to work!


I planted some at the end of April when do you think I might get fruit ?  They are in pots due to lack of space the biggest is about 40cm + but the rest are really small.

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londongardener

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #13 on: June 17, 2008, 16:22 »
Quote from: "sclarke624"
This is my second year of growing cape gooseberries.  Last years have grown again and are in flower with some fruits forming.  I also planted some new buses and these are in bud ready to flower.  They look like tomatillos which apparently are relatives.

Mine all said sow Feb to April but last year I did do some later at end of June still got quite a lot of fruit off plant but what was left in late September didn't ripen to yellow they stayed green, as no sun was around.  Sure I read somewhere they are poisonus to eat green.

They are expensive to buy in tesco's. They grow in a papery lantern shape husk/case.  OH loves 'em, I'm not too keen.  Mine have never got any bigger than 2 and half foot even though some packets and articles say can reach 6ft.  I put them in a tomato size pot which is probably about 10" or 12".  Packet also says support with netting never had to do that either.  The only annoying thing is that I have read they are ready when they fall from the plant ...........I have mine raise so dog can't wee on them so not ideal if I have to wait till they are on the floor.  I did have a peek at some when on the bush lifted a bit of the lantern to see if yellow, or a little tug to see if comes away from plant easily.  Each seed I planted germinated so ended up with 12 plants....... oh well made the old man popular with his work mates when he had to take some in to work!


I planted some at the end of April when do you think I might get fruit ?  They are in pots due to lack of space the biggest is about 40cm + but the rest are really small.

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sclarke624

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cape gooseberry
« Reply #14 on: June 17, 2008, 23:33 »
If you mean the pots are 40cms (15") my pots are only 12" and they are fine.  If you mean the plants, the ones I planted last year are about 3-4 ft hight (91cm -121cm or there abouts) from top of pot, ones planted this year which are a different variety are about 2ft (65cms) high from top of pot.  Both have fruit on them just, not laden down with fruit yet mostly flowers.

I can't remember when fruit was ready to pick as I planted late last year, but Suttons seeds say if planted in April harvest in November.  Think that is loosely followed though cos depends where you are how much sun etc.  They aren't all ready on one plant at once, unfortunately.  I reckon you should have some you can eat by end August.

I did have a lot left on plant last year in September that were not going to ripen as no sun.  I did, as Greenowl rightly said, try to ripen on windowsill some did ripen some just went bad.



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